Why Are Women Living Longer Than Men

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Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason why women are more likely to live longer than men? And why is this difference growing as time passes? There isn't much evidence and we're only able to provide some answers. We recognize that biological, افضل شامبو وبلسم behavioral and environmental factors play a role in the fact that women have longer lives than men, but we don't know exactly how significant the impact of each factor is.

We are aware that women are living longer than men, regardless of their weight. However this isn't due to the fact that certain biological or non-biological factors have changed. What are these factors that have changed? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Certain are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that all countries are above the diagonal parity line ; this means in all countries a newborn girl can expect to live for longer than a newborn boy.1

This graph shows that although women have an advantage in all countries, the differences across countries can be substantial. In Russia women live 10 years longer than men. In Bhutan the difference is less than half a calendar year.

In the richer countries, افضل شامبو وبلسم the advantage of women in longevity was smaller
Let's examine how the gender advantage in longevity has changed over time. The chart below shows male and female life expectancy at birth in the US in the years 1790-2014. Two points stand out.

The first is that there is an upward trend. Both men as well as women in the US are living much, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is widening: While the female advantage in life expectancy used to be very small but it has risen significantly with time.

Using the option 'Change country in the chart, you are able to confirm that the two points apply to the other countries having available information: Sweden, France and the UK.